The Genteel Companion was the title of a little book of instructions and tunes for the recorder, published in 1683. At that time the recorder had become a fashionable instrument. The book’s full title was: The Genteel Companion: Being exact Directions for the Recorder with a collection of the Best and Newest Tunes and Grounds Extant. Carefully Composed and Gathered by Humphrey Salter. This title was undoubtedly suggested by that of a comparable method for the flageolet which had been published twelve years earlier, Thomas Greeting’s Pleasant Companion.